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UI - Tesis (Membership) :: Kembali

Hubungan pajanan kebisingan terhadap penurunan fungsi pendengaran tenaga kerja PT ABC Intercalline Indonesia Jakarta Barat tahun 2006

Yusita Afrina; Dewi Susanna, supervisor ([Publisher not identified] , 2006)
 Abstrak
[ABSTRAK
Pajanan kebisingan terhadap tenaga kerja mcnycbabkan ketulian (gangguan
fungsi pcndengaran). Kehilangan daya dengar yang disebabkan oleh kebisingan
msrupakan gangguan kesehatan yang tidak dapat diobati. Terjadinya ketulian pada
tenaga kenja di industri maka kehilangan alat komunikasi yang dapat mcnyebabkan
teljadinya kesalahan pelaksanaan kerja. Industri baterai PT ABC lntercalinc Indonesia
mcrupakan industri yang memiliki bagian-bagian dimana intensitas kebisingannya di
atas baku mutu yang telah ditetapkan.
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pajanan kebisingan terhadap
penurunan iimgsi pendengaran tenaga kerja PT. ABC. Intercalline Indonesia. Rancangan
penclitian ini adalah kohor retrospektif dcngan membagi daerah terpajan dan tidak
terpajan yaitu bagian yang intensitas kcbisingannya lebih dari 85 desibel dan bagian
yang kurang dari 85 desibel. .Iumlah sampel pada masing-masing daerah adalah 80,
sehingga total sampel 160 dari seluruh pekerja populasi 480 tenaga ke1ja. Daerah
terpajan dipilih bagian Produksi, Komponen, Sinc Slug dan Alkaline dan daerah tidak
terpajan dipilih bagian Mekanik dan Jaket. Data yang terkumpul selanjutnya di analisis
secara univariat, bivariat menggunakan Chi-Square dan multivariat menggunakan
Regresi Logistik. Pada analisa bivariat ditemukan adanya hubungan yang bermakna antara
penurunan fungsi pendengaran dengan intensitas kebisingan dan penggunaan APT.
Sedangkan variabel lain yaitu masa kenja, umur dan riwayat penyakit tidak menunj ukkan
adanya hubungan yang bennakna.
Hasil analisa multivariat mendapatkan variabel yang berhubungan dengan
penurunan fungsi pendengaran adalah intensitas pendengaran, penggunaan APT dan
interaksi kcbisingan-APT. Pada kelompok yeng bekenja di tempat bising, besamya risiko
mengalami penurunan fungsi pendengaran bagi yang tidak menggunakan APT sebesar
24,2 kali. Sedangkan yang selalu menggunakan APT, tidak menunjukkan adanya
hubungan yang bcrmakna.
Pada kelompok yang tidak menggunakan APT, bekexja di tempal bising
memberikan risiko sebesar 18,92 kali untuk mengalami penurunan fungsi pendengaran.
Sedangkan yang bekerja di tempat lidak bising, tidak menunjukkan hubungan yang
bermakna.
Dari hasil peneletian ini diclapatkan bahwa penggunaan APT dapat memuunkan
risio teljadinya penurunan fungsi pendcngaran. Sehingga disarankan kepada pekerja
untuk selalu menggunakan APT. Kepada perusahaan, disarankan untuk mewajibkan
penggunaan APT, sedangkan APT yang disarankan adalah earplug.

ABSTRACT
Noise exposure to labour cause decrease of hearing function. Lose hearing
energy which is because of noise represent the health trouble which cannot be cured.
The happening of deafness at labour in industry hence loss of communication means
which can cause the happening of mistake of job execution. Industrial battery of PT
ABC Intercaline Indonesia represent the industry owning shares of where its noise
intensity above permanent of quality which have been specified.
This research purpose is to know the influence of noise exposure to degradation
of hearing function at labour PT. ABC. Interealline Indonesia. This research used a
cohort retrospektif design by dividing exposure area and non-exposure area that is shares
which its noise intensity more than 85 desible and shares which less than 85 desible.
Sum up the sampel at each areas are 80, so that totalize the sampel 160 from all
population worker 480 labour. Exposure area selected by Production unit, Component
unit, Sine Slug unit and Alkaline unit and non-exposure area selected by Mechanic unit
and Jacket unit. Then collected data analysed in univariat analysis, bivariate analysis use
Chi-Square rnethode and multivariate analysis use the logistic regretion. At bivariate analysis found noise exposure have a meaning correlation with the
hearing trouble, use the APT correlation with the hearing trouble, while the other
variables ; year of service, age and disease history do not show the existence of
relationship with the degradation of hearing function
At multivariate analysis known the most dominant factor have an effect on to
the happening of hearing function degradation is noisy intensity ( 10,48 times), while
use the APT with the degradation of hearing function have opportunity ( 8,08 times).
To decrease the risk of hearing function degradation at labour suggested to
always to use the APT. Suggested APT is earplug.

;Noise exposure to labour cause decrease of hearing function. Lose hearing
energy which is because of noise represent the health trouble which cannot be cured.
The happening of deafness at labour in industry hence loss of communication means
which can cause the happening of mistake of job execution. Industrial battery of PT
ABC Intercaline Indonesia represent the industry owning shares of where its noise
intensity above permanent of quality which have been specified.
This research purpose is to know the influence of noise exposure to degradation
of hearing function at labour PT. ABC. Interealline Indonesia. This research used a
cohort retrospektif design by dividing exposure area and non-exposure area that is shares
which its noise intensity more than 85 desible and shares which less than 85 desible.
Sum up the sampel at each areas are 80, so that totalize the sampel 160 from all
population worker 480 labour. Exposure area selected by Production unit, Component
unit, Sine Slug unit and Alkaline unit and non-exposure area selected by Mechanic unit
and Jacket unit. Then collected data analysed in univariat analysis, bivariate analysis use
Chi-Square rnethode and multivariate analysis use the logistic regretion. At bivariate analysis found noise exposure have a meaning correlation with the
hearing trouble, use the APT correlation with the hearing trouble, while the other
variables ; year of service, age and disease history do not show the existence of
relationship with the degradation of hearing function
At multivariate analysis known the most dominant factor have an effect on to
the happening of hearing function degradation is noisy intensity ( 10,48 times), while
use the APT with the degradation of hearing function have opportunity ( 8,08 times).
To decrease the risk of hearing function degradation at labour suggested to
always to use the APT. Suggested APT is earplug., Noise exposure to labour cause decrease of hearing function. Lose hearing
energy which is because of noise represent the health trouble which cannot be cured.
The happening of deafness at labour in industry hence loss of communication means
which can cause the happening of mistake of job execution. Industrial battery of PT
ABC Intercaline Indonesia represent the industry owning shares of where its noise
intensity above permanent of quality which have been specified.
This research purpose is to know the influence of noise exposure to degradation
of hearing function at labour PT. ABC. Interealline Indonesia. This research used a
cohort retrospektif design by dividing exposure area and non-exposure area that is shares
which its noise intensity more than 85 desible and shares which less than 85 desible.
Sum up the sampel at each areas are 80, so that totalize the sampel 160 from all
population worker 480 labour. Exposure area selected by Production unit, Component
unit, Sine Slug unit and Alkaline unit and non-exposure area selected by Mechanic unit
and Jacket unit. Then collected data analysed in univariat analysis, bivariate analysis use
Chi-Square rnethode and multivariate analysis use the logistic regretion. At bivariate analysis found noise exposure have a meaning correlation with the
hearing trouble, use the APT correlation with the hearing trouble, while the other
variables ; year of service, age and disease history do not show the existence of
relationship with the degradation of hearing function
At multivariate analysis known the most dominant factor have an effect on to
the happening of hearing function degradation is noisy intensity ( 10,48 times), while
use the APT with the degradation of hearing function have opportunity ( 8,08 times).
To decrease the risk of hearing function degradation at labour suggested to
always to use the APT. Suggested APT is earplug.]
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 Metadata
No. Panggil : T34456
Nama orang :
Nama orang tambahan :
Nama badan tambahan :
Subjek :
Penerbitan : [Place of publication not identified]: [Publisher not identified], 2006
Program Studi :
Sumber Pengatalogan : LibUI ind rda
Tipe Konten : text
Tipe Media : unmediated ; computer
Tipe Carrier : volume ; computer
Deskripsi Fisik : xvii, 134 pages : illustration ; 28 cm + appendix
Catatan Bibliografi : page 104-106
Lembaga Pemilik : Universitas Indonesia
Lokasi : Perpustakaan UI, Lantai 3
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T34456 15-19-999662624 TERSEDIA
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