UI - Tesis (Open) :: Kembali

UI - Tesis (Open) :: Kembali

Meningkatkan Kuantitas Perilaku Menyelesaikan Tugas pada Anak Usia Sekolah Penyandang Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder = Increasing The Quantity of On-Task Behaviour in Middle Age Child with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Irena Tjiunata; Sri Redatin Retno Pudjiati, supervisor (Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia, 2009)

 Abstrak

[Fokus dari pelatihan ini adalah untuk meningkatkan kuantitas perilaku
menyelesaikan tugas, termasuk di dalamnya, menurunkan durasi perilaku tidak
mengerjakan tugas. Penerapan metode ccrita sosial dan metodc contingency
contract (dilcngkapi prompt) menghasilkan peningkatan kuantitas pada perilaku
menyelcsaikan tugas, serta penurunan durasi perilaku tidak mengerjakan tugas.
Akan tetapi, kualitas dari perubahan pcirlaku belum menunjukkan perbaikan. Hal
tcrscbut disebabkan karena komik oerita sosial yang digunakan dalam intervensi
belum secara detil menggambarkan perilaku yang diharapkan muncul. Selain itu,
pemberian fading yang terialu cepat juga menyebabkan konsistensi perubahan
perilaku belum terlihat. Dari hasil obsewasi, diketahui juga bahwa pembahan
perilaku tersebut, secara tidak langsung, dipengaruhi juga oleh faktor lingkungan
seperti kehadiran guru dan situasi kelas. Akan tetapi, karena singkatnya scsi
intervensi dan pemilihan waktu intervensi yang berdekatan dengan jadwal
uiangan umum, konsistensi pelubahan perilaku belum terlihat. Oleh karena itu,
beberapa saran yang dapat diberikan antara Iain: I) gambar berikut penjelasan
pada komik cerita sosial sebaiknya dibuat lebih detil; 2) pemberian prompt dan
fading sebaiknya lebih diperhatikan lagi; 3) sesi intervensi dibuat lebih banyak
dengan jangka waktu yang lebih panjang; 4) perlu diperhalikan pemilihan waktu
intervensi agar tidak berdekatan dengan jadwal ulangan umum; 5) kerjasama
antara guru dan teman-tcman di kelas untuk menciptakan suasana kelas yang
kondusif agar pelaksanaan intervensi lebih efektif.
Kara Kunci:
Contingenqf contract, oerita sosial, perilaku menyelesaikan tugas, Attention-;I`he focus of this training is to increasing the quantitiy of on-task behavior.
including, decreasing the duration of off-task behavior. Result of this intervention,
using social story method and contingency contract method (also using prompt
method), indicated that the quantitiy of on-task behavior is increasing and the
duration of ofiltask behavior is decreasing. However, the quality of the alteration
of behavior has not improved yet. This is because the comic social story in this
intervention has not describe the behavior that is expected, The prompts which
have been faded too quickly also make the consistency ofthe behavior’s alteration
has not been observed. The environments, such as teacher’s present and class-
rooms’s situation, also influence the alteration of behavior. Unfortunately,
because the length ofthe session and the time of intervention wich is too short and
too close to the end of school year, the consistency of the behavior’s alteration has
not been appeared yet. Therefore, several suggestions should be provided to
improve the future study: I) picture in the comic social story should be made
more detail; 2) the use of prompt and fading should be more improved; 3) the
session of intervention should be madc in great quantities and in more length
duration; 4) the intervention should be held in the middle of school year; 5) the
cooperation of teacher and tiiends is needed to make the more supporting
classroom environment.
Key Words:
Contingency contract, social story, on-task behavior, Attention-Deiicit/
Hyperactive Disorder, behavior modification.;I`he focus of this training is to increasing the quantitiy of on-task behavior.
including, decreasing the duration of off-task behavior. Result of this intervention,
using social story method and contingency contract method (also using prompt
method), indicated that the quantitiy of on-task behavior is increasing and the
duration of ofiltask behavior is decreasing. However, the quality of the alteration
of behavior has not improved yet. This is because the comic social story in this
intervention has not describe the behavior that is expected, The prompts which
have been faded too quickly also make the consistency ofthe behavior’s alteration
has not been observed. The environments, such as teacher’s present and class-
rooms’s situation, also influence the alteration of behavior. Unfortunately,
because the length ofthe session and the time of intervention wich is too short and
too close to the end of school year, the consistency of the behavior’s alteration has
not been appeared yet. Therefore, several suggestions should be provided to
improve the future study: I) picture in the comic social story should be made
more detail; 2) the use of prompt and fading should be more improved; 3) the
session of intervention should be madc in great quantities and in more length
duration; 4) the intervention should be held in the middle of school year; 5) the
cooperation of teacher and tiiends is needed to make the more supporting
classroom environment.
Key Words:
Contingency contract, social story, on-task behavior, Attention-Deiicit/
Hyperactive Disorder, behavior modification., I`he focus of this training is to increasing the quantitiy of on-task behavior.
including, decreasing the duration of off-task behavior. Result of this intervention,
using social story method and contingency contract method (also using prompt
method), indicated that the quantitiy of on-task behavior is increasing and the
duration of ofiltask behavior is decreasing. However, the quality of the alteration
of behavior has not improved yet. This is because the comic social story in this
intervention has not describe the behavior that is expected, The prompts which
have been faded too quickly also make the consistency ofthe behavior’s alteration
has not been observed. The environments, such as teacher’s present and class-
rooms’s situation, also influence the alteration of behavior. Unfortunately,
because the length ofthe session and the time of intervention wich is too short and
too close to the end of school year, the consistency of the behavior’s alteration has
not been appeared yet. Therefore, several suggestions should be provided to
improve the future study: I) picture in the comic social story should be made
more detail; 2) the use of prompt and fading should be more improved; 3) the
session of intervention should be madc in great quantities and in more length
duration; 4) the intervention should be held in the middle of school year; 5) the
cooperation of teacher and tiiends is needed to make the more supporting
classroom environment.
Key Words:
Contingency contract, social story, on-task behavior, Attention-Deiicit/
Hyperactive Disorder, behavior modification.]

 File Digital: 1

 Metadata

Jenis Koleksi: UI - Tesis (Open)
No. Panggil : T34118
Entri utama-Nama orang :
Entri tambahan-Nama orang :
Entri tambahan-Nama badan :
Subjek :
Penerbitan : Depok: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia, 2009
Program Studi :
Sumber Pengatalogan : LibUI ind rda
Tipe Konten : text
Tipe Media : unmediated ; computer
Tipe Carrier : volume ; online resource
Deskripsi Fisik : xiv, 106 pages : illustration ; 28 cm + appendix
Catatan Bibliografi : pages 94-96
Lembaga Pemilik : Universitas Indonesia
Lokasi : Perpustakaan UI, Lantai 3
  • Ketersediaan
  • Ulasan
No. Panggil No. Barkod Ketersediaan
T34118 15-22-29122069 TERSEDIA
Ulasan:
Tidak ada ulasan pada koleksi ini: 20344446