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Persepsi dan sikap terhadap gangguan pemusatan perhatian hiperaktivitas gpph di antara dokter anak di Indonesia = knowledge understanding perception and attitude towards attention deficit hyperactivity disorder adhd among pediatricians in Indonesia / Amanda Ayu Putri

Amanda Ayu Putri; Tjhin Wiguna, supervisor; Tjhin Wiguna, examiner; Martina W. Nasrun, examiner (Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, 2014)

 Abstrak

ABSTRAK
Dokter anak merupakan lini pertama penanganan masalah kesehatan pada anakanak.
Gangguan Pemusatan Perhatian/Hiperaktivitas (GPPH) adalah gangguan
perkembangan mental dan perilaku yang sering terjadi pada anak-anak usia sekolah
dasar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui korelasi antara pengalaman
praktek dengan tingkat pengetahuan/pemahaman, persepsi, dan sikap terhadap
GPPH diantara dokter anak di Indonesia. Rancangan studi potong lintang dan
metode uji acak sederhana digunakan dalam pemilihan sampel penelitian ini. Data
yang didapat adalah hasil dari kuesioner yang telah diuji validitas dan
reliabilitasnya menggunakan formula Pearson Alpha dan Cronbach’s Alpha. Hasil
dianalisis dengan uji korelasi spearman menggunakan program SPSS versi 20. Dari
total 109 responden, penelitian ini mengambil 96 responden melalui randomizer
sesuai formula sampel. Hasil dari 96 responden menunjukan bahwa tingkat
pengetahuan/pemahaman, persepsi, dan sikap terhadap GPPH berada pada tingkat
yang sangat rendah dan rendah (65.6%, 57.3%, dan 76%). Hasil analisis statistik
menunjukan bahwa hanya terdapat perbedaan bermakna antara persepsi dengan
pengalaman praktek (p<0.05), sehingga terdapat korelasi antara pengalaman
praktek dengan persepsi terhadap GPPH. Kesimpulannya, tingkat
pengetahuan/pemahaman, persepsi, dan sikap terhadap GPPH adalah sangat rendah
dan rendah dikalangan dokter anak, sehingga memerlukan edukasi lebih lanjut
terhadap ADHD kepada dokter anak tanpa melihat pengalaman praktek yang
dimiliki.

ABSTRACT
Pediatricians are the first primary care to seek for children’s health
problem. Attention – Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common mental
and behavioral developmental disorder in children. In Indonesia, pediatricians
usually do not realize ADHD and effect to its inappropriate management thus leads
to high prevalence of ADHD. The aim of this research is to identify the correlation
between practice experience and level of knowledge / understanding, perception,
and attitude towards ADHD among pediatricians in Indonesia. For the sample
selections, a cross-sectional study design with simple random sampling method was
used in this research. The data that has been acquired from questionnaire is
analyzed with spearman correlation test method using SPSS program 20th version.
The result from 96 respondents showed the level of knowledge / understanding,
perception, and attitude towards ADHD were in very poor and poor levels (65.6%,
57.3%, and 76% respectively). Statistical analysis showed that there were no
significant differences in between knowledge / understanding and attitude with
practice experience (p>0.05) that imply there are no correlation between practice
experience and level of knowledge / understanding and attitude towards ADHD. On
the other hand, there was a significant difference in between perception with
practice experience (p<0.05) that implies there is a correlation between practice
experience and level of perception towards ADHD. In conclusion, the levels of
knowledge / understanding, perception, and attitude towards ADHD were very
poor and poor on knowledge / understanding, perception, and attitude among
pediatricians in Indonesia, so that a follow-up about ADHD is necessary among
pediatricians without considering their practice experience.

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 Metadata

No. Panggil : S-Pdf
Entri utama-Nama orang :
Entri tambahan-Nama orang :
Subjek :
Penerbitan : [Place of publication not identified]: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, 2014
Program Studi :
Kode Bahasa : ind
Sumber Pengatalogan : LibUI ita rda
Tipe Konten : text
Tipe Media : unmediated ; computer
Tipe Carrier : volume ; online resource
Deskripsi Fisik : xi, 36 pages ; 28 cm + appendix
Catatan Bibliografi : pages 35-36
Lembaga Pemilik : Universitas Indonesia
Lokasi : Perpustakaan UI, Lantai 3
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