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Hubungan obesitas sentral dengan kejadian hipertensi berdasarkan rasio lingkar perut tinggi badan pada penduduk dewasa di Pulau Jawa tahun 2013 (analisis data Riskesdas 2013) = Relations central obesity with hypertension based on waist to height ratio for adults in java indonesia data analysis riskesdas 2013

Yulestari; Syahrizal Syarif, supervisor; Renti Mahkota, examiner; Yovsyah, examiner; Fajrinayanti, examiner (, 2015)
 Abstrak
[ABSTRAK

Hipertensi atau sering juga disebut the silent killer adalah suatu peningkatan
tekanan darah arteri diatas normal dan menjadi penyebab kematian tertinggi di
Indonesia. Hipertensi pada penduduk dewasa bisa berakibat rendahnya
produktivitas dan kualitas hidup terkait dengan morbiditas. Obesitas sentral adalah
salah satu faktor risiko hipertensi yang berhubungan dengan gaya hidup yang
tidak sehat. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menilai hubungan obesitas sentral dengan
kejadian hipertensi berdasarkan rasio lingkar perut tinggi badan pada penduduk
dewasa di Pulau Jawa Tahun 2013. Penelitian ini menggunakan data Riskesdas
2013 dengan disain penelitian cross sectional dan jumlah sampel 175.374 orang.
Status obesitas sentral ditentukan dengan analisis kurva ROC untuk mencari cut
off point rasio lingkar perut tinggi badan terhadap hipertensi. Studi ini
menggunakan uji statistik Regresi Cox. Hasil penelitian menemukan prevalensi
hipertensi pada penduduk dewasa sebesar 27,8% dan hubungan obesitas sentral
terhadap kejadian hipertensi lebih dipengaruhi oleh wilayah tempat tinggal.
Penduduk umur 19-29 tahun yang obesitas sentral dan tinggal diperkotaan
memiliki risiko 2,1 kali (95%CI:1,969-2,247) untuk menderita hipertensi setelah
dikontrol umur, wilayah tempat tinggal, pendidikan, pekerjaan, status merokok,
aktifitas fisik dan stres. Saran dari studi ini adalah memberikan intervensi berupa
promosi kesehatan tentang pengetahuan tentang hipertensi dan faktor risikonya
pada usia remaja terutama diperkotaan sebagai pencegahan dini dengan prilaku
hidup sehat untuk menurunkan prevalensi hipertensi di masa mendatang.


ABSTRACT

Hypertension, often called the silent killer is an increase in arterial blood pressure
above normal and the cause of death in Indonesia. Hypertension in the adult
population could be low productivity and influence quality of life associated with
morbidity. Central obesity is risk factor for hypertension associated with an
unhealthy lifestyle. This study aimed to assess the association of central obesity
with hypertension based on waist-to-height ratio in the adult population in Java
2013. This study uses Riskesdas data 2013 with cross sectional study design and
sample size 175.374 respondents. Central obesity status was determined by ROC
curve analysis to looking for the cut off point waist-to-height ratio to hypertension
and used Cox regression multivariate statistical test. Results of the study found the
prevalence of hypertension in the adult population was 27.8% and the relationship
of central obesity with hypertension is more influenced by the region of residence.
People aged 19-29 years old who live in urban and central obesity have a risk 2.1
(PR=2.1, 95% CI: 1.969 to 2.247) of developing hypertension after controlling for
age, region of residence, education, occupation, smoking status, physical activity
and stress. Suggestions of this study is to providing health promotion
interventions in the form of knowledge about hypertension and its risk factors in
adolescence especially in urban areas as early prevention with healthy lifestyle
behaviors to decrease the prevalence of hypertension in the future., Hypertension, often called the silent killer is an increase in arterial blood pressure
above normal and the cause of death in Indonesia. Hypertension in the adult
population could be low productivity and influence quality of life associated with
morbidity. Central obesity is risk factor for hypertension associated with an
unhealthy lifestyle. This study aimed to assess the association of central obesity
with hypertension based on waist-to-height ratio in the adult population in Java
2013. This study uses Riskesdas data 2013 with cross sectional study design and
sample size 175.374 respondents. Central obesity status was determined by ROC
curve analysis to looking for the cut off point waist-to-height ratio to hypertension
and used Cox regression multivariate statistical test. Results of the study found the
prevalence of hypertension in the adult population was 27.8% and the relationship
of central obesity with hypertension is more influenced by the region of residence.
People aged 19-29 years old who live in urban and central obesity have a risk 2.1
(PR=2.1, 95% CI: 1.969 to 2.247) of developing hypertension after controlling for
age, region of residence, education, occupation, smoking status, physical activity
and stress. Suggestions of this study is to providing health promotion
interventions in the form of knowledge about hypertension and its risk factors in
adolescence especially in urban areas as early prevention with healthy lifestyle
behaviors to decrease the prevalence of hypertension in the future.]
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 Metadata
No. Panggil : T44415
Pengarang :
Pengarang/kontributor lain :
Subjek :
Penerbitan : [Place of publication not identified]: [Publisher not identified], 2015
Program Studi :
Naskah Ringkas :
Sumber Pengatalogan :
Tipe Konten : text
Tipe Media : unmediated ; computer
Tipe Carrier : volume ; online resource
Deskripsi Fisik : xvi, 203 pages : illustration ; 28 cm + appendix
Catatan Bibliografi : pages 84-89
Lembaga Pemilik : Universitas Indonesia
Lokasi : Perpustakaan UI, Lantai 3
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No. Panggil No. Barkod Ketersediaan
T44415 TERSEDIA
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