UI - Tesis (Membership) :: Kembali

UI - Tesis (Membership) :: Kembali

Pengaruh program latihan fisik untuk peningkatan kebugaran (nilai VO2 max) terhadap Sickness Absence pekerja perusahaan di Indonesia = Effect of physical training program for fitness improvement on Sickness Absence of workers at chemical company in Indonesia.

Anita; Aria Kekalih, supervisor; Nuri Purwito Adi, supervisor; Dewi Sumaryani Soemarko, examiner; Ambar W. Roestam, examiner ([Publisher not identified] , 2019)
 Abstrak
ABSTRAK
Latar Belakang. Selain hasil produksi, kebugaran, health cost dan sickness absence
merupakan parameter produktivitas yang penting bagi perusahaan. Salah satu yang
mempengaruhi sickness absence adalah individu pekerja itu sendiri berupa gaya hidup
tidak sehat seperti kurangnya aktivitas fisik, pola makan yang buruk, merokok dan stress.
Oleh sebab itu, saat ini banyak berkembang program wellness di tempat kerja, sebagai
upaya meningkatkan kesehatan dan kebugaran pekerja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah
menilai pengaruh suatu program yang dikemas dalam bentuk kompetisi latihan fisik untuk
meningkatkan kebugaran terhadap penurunan sickness absence pekerja.
Metode. Penelitian dengan desain cohort retrospektif dengan total sampling dilakukan di
perusahaan kimia A, kota Cilegon pada bulan Mei-Juni 2019. Pada penelitian diamati
hasil program latihan fisik yang dilakukan di perusahaan selama tahun 2018. Pencatatan
latihan fisik dilakukan kolektif melalui aplikasi smartphone, dan evaluasi kebugaran
periodik menggunakan test jalan Rockport untuk mengukur kadar VO2 max. Data
sickness absence dihitung berdasarkan total hari kerja hilang selama satu tahun berjalan
setelah program dimulai. Analisis data menggunakan SPSS Statistik versi 22.0
Hasil. Sebanyak 91 subjek, peserta program latihan fisik, dianalisis data programnya utuk
mencari peningkatan kebugaran dan penurunan sickness absence berdasarkan data latihan
fisiknya selama satu tahun. Analisis menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan
antara Active Group (AG) dan Innactive Group (IG) dalam meningkatkan kebugaran
(adjusted RR 4,821, 95% CI 1,544-15,052) dan penurunan sickness absence (adjusted
RR 3,458, CI 95% 1,034-11.572). Probabilitas penurunan sickness absence tidak berbeda
antara yang mengalami peningkatan kebugaran dan yang tidak. Selain itu, ditemukan
bahwa peserta dengan berat badan normal lebih berpeluang untuk meningkatkan
kebugaran dibandingkan dengan peserta dengan kelebihan berat badan lebih/obesitas
(adjusted RR 3,565, 95% CI 1,093-11,635).
Simpulan. Keaktifan dalam program latihan fisik terbukti meningkatkan kebugaran (nilai
VO2 max) dan menurunkan sickness absence. Seseorang dengan status gizi normal lebih
berpeluang untuk meningkatkan kebugaran dibandingkan status gizi lebih.

ABSTRACT
Background. Besides production, employee fitness status, health costs and sickness
absence are important productivity parameters for the company. One of the contributing
factors of sickness absence is an individual factor, with unhealthy lifestyle such as an
unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, smoking and stress. Therefore, there are many wellness
programs developed in the workplace, as an effort to improve worker's health and fitness.
The aim of this study was to assess effect of physical exercise program for fitness
improvement (value vo2 max) on sickness absence.
Methods. Study with a retrospective cohort design and total sampling was carried out in
chemical company A, Cilegon in May-June 2019. This study was conducted by observing
the results of the workers' physical training program in the company during 2018.
Records of physical exercise were carried out collectively through a smartphone
application, and fitness evaluation periodically use the Rockport walking test to measure
VO2 max levels. The sickness absence data is calculated based on the total lost working
days during the current year after the program starts. Data analysis using SPSS Statistics
version 22.0
Result. Data from 91 subjects of this study were observed to look for improvement in
fitness and decrease in sickness absence based on one year's exercise data. 35 (38.5%)
subjects increased their fitness (VO2 max value) and 31 (34.1%) subjects decreased in
sickness absence. The factors that influence both of these are active physical exercise that
carried out by 21 (23.1%) subjects. The analysis showed that there was a significant
difference between Active Group (AG) and Innactive Group (IG) in improving fitness
(adjusted RR 4.821, CI 95% 1.544-15.052) and decreasing sickness absence (adjusted
RR 3.458, CI 95% 1.034-11.572). The probability of decreasing sickness absence does
not differ between those who improve their fitness and those who do not. In addition, it
was found that participants with normal weight were more likely to increase fitness
compared to participants with overweight/obesity (adjusted RR 3.565, 95% CI 1.093-11.635).
Conclusion. Being active in a physical training program has been shown to improve
fitness level and reduce sickness absence. And normal nutritional status is more likely to
improve fitness than overweight or obesity.
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 Metadata
No. Panggil : T-Pdf
Nama orang :
Nama orang tambahan :
Nama badan tambahan :
Subjek :
Penerbitan : [Place of publication not identified]: [Publisher not identified], 2019
Program Studi :
Sumber Pengatalogan : LibUI ind rda
Tipe Konten : text
Tipe Media : computer
Tipe Carrier : online resource
Deskripsi Fisik : xvii, 71 pages : illustration ; 28 cm. + appendix
Catatan Bibliografi : pages 67-71
Lembaga Pemilik : Universitas Indonesia
Lokasi : Perpustakaan UI, Lantai 3
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No. Panggil No. Barkod Ketersediaan
T-Pdf 15-21-221800019 TERSEDIA
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Tidak ada ulasan pada koleksi ini: 20502556