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UI - Disertasi (Open) :: Kembali

Judul Peradilan militer dalam kekuasaan kehakiman di Indonesia: studi tentang kedudukan dan yurisdiksinya periode 1945-2008
Nomor Panggil D1137
Pengarang
Pengarang/kontributor lain
Subjek
Penerbitan Depok: Universitas Indonesia. Fakultas Hukum, 2009
Program Studi
Kata Kunci
 Info Lainnya
Pembimbing
Fakultas none
Program Studi none
Desk. Fisik xix, 436 pages: illustration ; 29 cm.
Lembaga Pemilik Universitas Indonesia
Lokasi Perpustakaan UI, Lantai 3
Format Koleksi none
Naskah Ringkas
  • Ketersediaan
  • File Digital: 1 (Open)
  • Ulasan
  • Sampul
  • Abstrak
  • Tampilan MARC
Nomor Panggil No. Barkod Ketersediaan
D1137 07-17-838020498 TERSEDIA
Ulasan:
Tidak ada ulasan pada koleksi ini: 20449535
ABSTRAK
Sistem peradilan militer yang berlaku di dunia berbeda-beda antara satu negara dengan negara lain. Ada ahli yang menggolongkan sistem peradilan militer didasarkan pada tiga sistem hukum yang berlaku di dunia ini, yaitu common law sysrem, roman law system dan socialist law sysrem. Namun beberapa ahli yang lain menggolongkan sistem peradilan militer berdasarkan kewenangan mengadili atau jurisdisksi dari pengadilan militer itu sendiri menjadi empat golongan yaitu (1) peradilan militer mempunyai yurisdiksi bersifat umum, (2) Peradilan militer mempunyai yurisdiksi umum yang berlaku secara temporer, (3) Peradilan militer mempunyai yurisdiksi terbatas pada kejahatan miiiter dan (4) peradilan militer mempunyai yurisdiksi hanya pada saat perang atau operasi militer. Kebanyakan peradilan di berbagai negara lebih menganut pada sistem peradilan militer yang berwenang mengadili kejahatan secara umum Rencana DPR untuk mengubah system peradilan militer dengan membatasi yurisdiksi peradilan militer hanya terbatas mengadili kejahatan militer menimbulkan pro dan kontra, dimana masing masing mempunyai alasan yang berbeda. Penelitian ini menjadi penting untuk memberikan pertimbangan dan masukan kepada DPR dan Pemerintah dalam rangka menyusun Rancangan Undang Undang Peradilan Militer yang baru dan sekaligus memberijawaban atas beberapa pertanyaan berikut lni. Pertama, bagaimana kedudukan dan yurisdiksi peradilan militer di Indonesia setelah ditetapkannya Undang-Undang Nomor 4 Tahun 2004 tentang Kekuasaan Kehakiman. Kedua, bagaimanakah kedudukan asas-asas militer yang? merupakan bagian dari asas-asas peradilan militer seperti asas kesatuan komando, komandan bertanggungjawab terhadap anak buahnya dan asas kepentingan militer, apabila prajurit yang melanggar tindak pidana umum diadili pada peradilan umum. Ketiga, sistem Peradilan Militer yang bagaimanakah yang seyogiyanya diterapkan di Indonesia. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat ditarik beberapa kesimpulan sebagai berikut: Pertama, bahwa setelah ditétapkannya UU No 4 Tahun 2004 tentang Kekuasaan Kehakiman dimana Peradilan Militer berada di bawah kekuasaan Mahkamah Agung, telah membuat peradilan militer semakin independen dan imparsial, sehingga tidak perlu lagi mengubah sistem peradilan rniliwrgyang ada saat ini. Secara umum dapat dikatakan bahwa pengadilan umum tidak tepat untuk mengadili tindak pidana yang dilakukan oleh prajurit. Pengadilan militer tetap dibutuhkan untuk menegakkan standard disiplin militer karena militer dianggap sebagai komuniti khusus, yang mempunyai disiplin khusus, yang mempertaruhkan nyawanya untuk mempertahankan kedaulatan Negara . Kedua, bahwa asas-asas peradilan militer yaitu asas kesatuan komando, asas komandan bertanggungiawab terhadap anak buahnya dan asas kepentingan militer merupakan asas yang harus ada dalam sistem peradilan militer selain asas umum yang trdapat dalam peradilan umum. Apabila asas tersebut tidak berlaku maka fungsi komandan selaku Ankum/Papera juga tidak berlaku lagi. Demikian juga fungsi pembinaan yang dilakukan oleh komandan selaku Pembina disiplin akan berkurang atau sama sekali hilang sehingga ketaatan prajurit akan berkurang terhadap komandan. Selanjutnya apabila ketaatan berkurang maka disiplin prajurit juga akan berkurang. Dan apabila disiplin berkurang maka efisiensi, kesiapan dan efektifitas pasukan akan sulit dicapai; Ketiga, bahwa sistem peradilan militer yang seyogiyanya diterapkan di Indonesia adalah sistem peradilan militer yang sesuai dengan budaya militer Indonesia dimana Peradilan Militer masih tetap mempunyai yurisdiksi untuk mengadili kejahatan militer dan kejahatan umum.

ABSTRACT
There is no the same military court system in the world. Every state has its own military system. Some experts make the classification of the military justice system on the three main existing system of law, that is, common law system, roman law. system and socialist law system. However the other experts suggested a classitication based on the jurisdictional powers of military courts. They distinguished four different system as follows: (l) one in which military courts have general jurisdiction; (2) one in which they have general jurisdiction on a temporary basis; (3) one in which jurisdiction is limited to military offences; and (4) one in which they have jurisdiction solely in time of war or military operation. Beside these two classification, there are another types of military jurisdiction: firstly, the traditional kind, based on the principle of ?he who gives the orders sits injudgement? made up of members of military and endowed with broad jurisdictional powers; secondly, one in which military justice is incorporated into ordinary jurisdiction as a specialized branch of the latter; and, thirdly, one in which military justice is abolished in peacetime. According to the Act Number 31/ 1997 conceming Military Court, the military justice System in Indonesia has general jurisdiction and is incorporated into ordinary jurisdiction. It means that Indonesian Military court has general jurisdiction to try civil offences and military offences. The plan of the Council of Indonesian Representative to limit the military court jurisdiction just to try military offmrces has caused diierent opinion between the government and the Council. This dissertation is conductedin order to give the answer of the three questions, that is: first, how is the occupation and the jurisdiction of Indonesian Military Court alter the Act Number 4/ 2004 conceming The Judicial Authority; Secondly, how is the military principles as the pan of the principles of military court such as the principle of unity cfeomrnand, the principle of every commanueer be responsible for this subordinate, and the principle of military necessity; and, thirdly, which court system is suitable to be implemented in Indonesia. The research has been done by using the methodology of normative to analyze the development oflndonesian Military Court jurisdiction after Indonesian Independence until 2008. After conducting research and making descriptive and prescriptive this dissertation has make some conclusion. First, after concluding the Act Number 4/2004 conceming the Judicial Power, in which the position of military court is undertlre Supreme Court has madethe military court become more independent and impartial, 'dee from 'command intervention.. So, no need to change the jurisdiction of Military court. It can be mentioned that the involvernenteof civilian court to fry the military would be detrimental to morale and discipline of military as a special community and would thus pose grave danger to national security. Secondly, all the principles of military court that is, the principle of unity of command, the principle of every commandeer be responsible for his subordinate, and the principle of military necessity should exist in military judicial system beside the general principle of civil court. Ifthose principles are not available, the role of the commandeer as the senior oiiicer that has authority to condemn his subordinate does not function. if it happens, the efiicient, the readiness and the effectiveness of military unit will be ditiicult to be achieve.. Third, the military judicial system implied in Indonesia should be in accordance with the military culture in which the military court still has the jurisdiction to try the member of military who conducts either military offences or civil offences.
004
020
022
040LibUI ind rda
041ind
049[07-17-838020498]
053[07-17-838020498]
082
090D1137
100Buaton, Tiarsen, author
110
111
240
245|a Peradilan militer dalam kekuasaan kehakiman di Indonesia: studi tentang kedudukan dan yurisdiksinya periode 1945-2008 |c
246
250
260
260|a Depok |b Universitas Indonesia. Fakultas Hukum |c 2009
270
300xix, 436 pages: illustration ; 29 cm.
310
321
336text (rdacontent)
337unmediated (rdamedia); computer (rdamedia)
338volume (rdacarrier); online resource (rdacarrier)
340
362
490
500
502Disertasi
504
515
520ABSTRAK Sistem peradilan militer yang berlaku di dunia berbeda-beda antara satu negara dengan negara lain. Ada ahli yang menggolongkan sistem peradilan militer didasarkan pada tiga sistem hukum yang berlaku di dunia ini, yaitu common law sysrem, roman law system dan socialist law sysrem. Namun beberapa ahli yang lain menggolongkan sistem peradilan militer berdasarkan kewenangan mengadili atau jurisdisksi dari pengadilan militer itu sendiri menjadi empat golongan yaitu (1) peradilan militer mempunyai yurisdiksi bersifat umum, (2) Peradilan militer mempunyai yurisdiksi umum yang berlaku secara temporer, (3) Peradilan militer mempunyai yurisdiksi terbatas pada kejahatan miiiter dan (4) peradilan militer mempunyai yurisdiksi hanya pada saat perang atau operasi militer. Kebanyakan peradilan di berbagai negara lebih menganut pada sistem peradilan militer yang berwenang mengadili kejahatan secara umum Rencana DPR untuk mengubah system peradilan militer dengan membatasi yurisdiksi peradilan militer hanya terbatas mengadili kejahatan militer menimbulkan pro dan kontra, dimana masing masing mempunyai alasan yang berbeda. Penelitian ini menjadi penting untuk memberikan pertimbangan dan masukan kepada DPR dan Pemerintah dalam rangka menyusun Rancangan Undang Undang Peradilan Militer yang baru dan sekaligus memberijawaban atas beberapa pertanyaan berikut lni. Pertama, bagaimana kedudukan dan yurisdiksi peradilan militer di Indonesia setelah ditetapkannya Undang-Undang Nomor 4 Tahun 2004 tentang Kekuasaan Kehakiman. Kedua, bagaimanakah kedudukan asas-asas militer yang? merupakan bagian dari asas-asas peradilan militer seperti asas kesatuan komando, komandan bertanggungjawab terhadap anak buahnya dan asas kepentingan militer, apabila prajurit yang melanggar tindak pidana umum diadili pada peradilan umum. Ketiga, sistem Peradilan Militer yang bagaimanakah yang seyogiyanya diterapkan di Indonesia. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat ditarik beberapa kesimpulan sebagai berikut: Pertama, bahwa setelah ditétapkannya UU No 4 Tahun 2004 tentang Kekuasaan Kehakiman dimana Peradilan Militer berada di bawah kekuasaan Mahkamah Agung, telah membuat peradilan militer semakin independen dan imparsial, sehingga tidak perlu lagi mengubah sistem peradilan rniliwrgyang ada saat ini. Secara umum dapat dikatakan bahwa pengadilan umum tidak tepat untuk mengadili tindak pidana yang dilakukan oleh prajurit. Pengadilan militer tetap dibutuhkan untuk menegakkan standard disiplin militer karena militer dianggap sebagai komuniti khusus, yang mempunyai disiplin khusus, yang mempertaruhkan nyawanya untuk mempertahankan kedaulatan Negara . Kedua, bahwa asas-asas peradilan militer yaitu asas kesatuan komando, asas komandan bertanggungiawab terhadap anak buahnya dan asas kepentingan militer merupakan asas yang harus ada dalam sistem peradilan militer selain asas umum yang trdapat dalam peradilan umum. Apabila asas tersebut tidak berlaku maka fungsi komandan selaku Ankum/Papera juga tidak berlaku lagi. Demikian juga fungsi pembinaan yang dilakukan oleh komandan selaku Pembina disiplin akan berkurang atau sama sekali hilang sehingga ketaatan prajurit akan berkurang terhadap komandan. Selanjutnya apabila ketaatan berkurang maka disiplin prajurit juga akan berkurang. Dan apabila disiplin berkurang maka efisiensi, kesiapan dan efektifitas pasukan akan sulit dicapai; Ketiga, bahwa sistem peradilan militer yang seyogiyanya diterapkan di Indonesia adalah sistem peradilan militer yang sesuai dengan budaya militer Indonesia dimana Peradilan Militer masih tetap mempunyai yurisdiksi untuk mengadili kejahatan militer dan kejahatan umum. ABSTRACT There is no the same military court system in the world. Every state has its own military system. Some experts make the classification of the military justice system on the three main existing system of law, that is, common law system, roman law. system and socialist law system. However the other experts suggested a classitication based on the jurisdictional powers of military courts. They distinguished four different system as follows: (l) one in which military courts have general jurisdiction; (2) one in which they have general jurisdiction on a temporary basis; (3) one in which jurisdiction is limited to military offences; and (4) one in which they have jurisdiction solely in time of war or military operation. Beside these two classification, there are another types of military jurisdiction: firstly, the traditional kind, based on the principle of ?he who gives the orders sits injudgement? made up of members of military and endowed with broad jurisdictional powers; secondly, one in which military justice is incorporated into ordinary jurisdiction as a specialized branch of the latter; and, thirdly, one in which military justice is abolished in peacetime. According to the Act Number 31/ 1997 conceming Military Court, the military justice System in Indonesia has general jurisdiction and is incorporated into ordinary jurisdiction. It means that Indonesian Military court has general jurisdiction to try civil offences and military offences. The plan of the Council of Indonesian Representative to limit the military court jurisdiction just to try military offmrces has caused diierent opinion between the government and the Council. This dissertation is conductedin order to give the answer of the three questions, that is: first, how is the occupation and the jurisdiction of Indonesian Military Court alter the Act Number 4/ 2004 conceming The Judicial Authority; Secondly, how is the military principles as the pan of the principles of military court such as the principle of unity cfeomrnand, the principle of every commanueer be responsible for this subordinate, and the principle of military necessity; and, thirdly, which court system is suitable to be implemented in Indonesia. The research has been done by using the methodology of normative to analyze the development oflndonesian Military Court jurisdiction after Indonesian Independence until 2008. After conducting research and making descriptive and prescriptive this dissertation has make some conclusion. First, after concluding the Act Number 4/2004 conceming the Judicial Power, in which the position of military court is undertlre Supreme Court has madethe military court become more independent and impartial, 'dee from 'command intervention.. So, no need to change the jurisdiction of Military court. It can be mentioned that the involvernenteof civilian court to fry the military would be detrimental to morale and discipline of military as a special community and would thus pose grave danger to national security. Secondly, all the principles of military court that is, the principle of unity of command, the principle of every commandeer be responsible for his subordinate, and the principle of military necessity should exist in military judicial system beside the general principle of civil court. Ifthose principles are not available, the role of the commandeer as the senior oiiicer that has authority to condemn his subordinate does not function. if it happens, the efiicient, the readiness and the effectiveness of military unit will be ditiicult to be achieve.. Third, the military judicial system implied in Indonesia should be in accordance with the military culture in which the military court still has the jurisdiction to try the member of military who conducts either military offences or civil offences.
533
534
536
546Bahasa Indonesia
590[Deposit]
650Mlitary court systems
653Peradilan militer
700Satya Arinanto, promotor; Mardjono Reksodiputro, co-promotor; Agus Brotosusilo, co-promotor; Sri Soemantri Martosoewignjo, examiner; Andi Hamzah, examiner; Kriekhoff, Valerine Jaqueline Leanore, examiner; Jufrina Rizal, examiner
710Universitas Indonesia. Fakultas Hukum
711
850Universitas Indonesia
852Perpustakaan UI, Lantai 3
856
866
900
902
903[]